Dr. Arthur Herman (Ph.D. Johns Hopkins, 1985) is the author of nine books, including the New York Times bestselling How the Scots Invented the Modern World (2001); the Pulitzer Prize Finalist Gandhi and Churchill(2008); To Rule the Waves: How the British Navy Shaped the Modern World(nominated for the UK’s Mountbatten Prize); and the highly acclaimed Freedom’s Forge: How American Business Produced Victory in World War II, which The Economist magazine picked as one of the Best Books of 2012. His most recent work, 1917: Lenin, Wilson, and the Birth of the New World Disorder, was published by Harper in November of 2017. His previous book, Douglas MacArthur: American Warrior, was published by Random House in June of 2016. Educated at the University of Minnesota and Johns Hopkins University in history and classics, Dr. Herman is a frequent contributor on defense, energy, and technology issues to Commentary magazine, the New York Post, National Review, and the Wall Street Journal. He was also the first non-British citizen to be named to the Scottish Arts Council from 2007 to 2009.